Samsung made the first black-and-white television in 1981 and rose to fame for being the largest television manufacturer of flat panel televisions by 2004. Since then it is the market leader in terms of number of units sold.
In 2007 Samsung introduced World's thinnest 10 mm thick panel, which was further bettered to an unbelievable slim screen, which was only 7.9 mm thick by 2008. Samsung did not stop at that and built a super slim LED television at only 3.9 mm thickness for a 40 inch size. This one was aptly called as "Needle Slim", which is 91% thinner than a conventional LCD. Samsung consistently innovated and improved the performance i.e. full HD resolution, 120 Hz refresh rate and 5000:1 contrast ratio even though when the thickness was substantially reduced. Samsung introduced its first full HD 3D LED in March 2010. In the same year Samsung also launched 3D Home Theatre which allows 3D images and surround sound at the same time. With this launch, Samsung became the first player to have a complete 3D bouquet - 3D Television, 3D Blu-ray player, 3D content and 3D glasses. Samsung launched Internet TV in 2007 which further evolved into Samsung Smart TV by 2008. Smart TV can download Apps from Samsung App Store. Currently there are 1000 customized Apps exclusively for Smart TV in addition to others like ITV Player and motion controlled Angry Bird game, news, weather, stock market, YouTube videos and movies. In-built Wi-Fi and AllShare Play enables to connect multiple devices like smartphones and tablets to allow streaming the content onto TV. It comes with 1 GB of internal memory to accommodate ample number of Apps and further complimented by features like:
Voice Controls - Channels could be flipped up & down or one can straight to a particular channel simply with voice command.
Gesture Control (motion control) - TV functions can be operated by swinging the hand in front of TV Camera which can be done right from the comfort of couch.
Face Recognition - Separate profiles can be created for each family member with customized Apps . Face recognition turns the TV on with particular profile settings for each member.
Smart TV also allows to upgrade the software to take advantage of the latest Apps and software available through the Smart Evolution Kit. It has 960 Hzmotion rate for complete clarity of fast-motion images along with micro Dimming. The bezel size has been significantly reduced to allow maximum space to the screen and it definitely adds to the looks as well. It seamlessly syncs and relays the content stored on cloud.
ES8000, the Samsung Smart TV model was launched in April 2012. It has a beautiful U-shaped stand at the bottom and can play both 2D and 3D. Dual Core Processor easily supports multiple applications and multi-tab web browsing. Other features include USB movie port, HDMI, AllShare, Built-in Wi-Fi and 6D sound system. The backlighting LED technology provides a breakthrough picture quality in an ultra slim design. With a phenomenal contrast ratio - it produces the brightest white to the darkest black. Samsung claims that their LED TVs are up to 50 percent more energy efficient than any other LED TV available today.
More over apart from LED, Samsung offers a huge range of LCD TVs as well Plasma. Technology of Plasmas i.e. Xenon and Neon gases between two glass plates is much quicker to respond to light colour changes compared to an LCD and hence, relatively a better option for high-speed motion shots and sports because it can easily track fast moving images without any image blur.
Variants and Price (India) : Samsung Smart TV comes in a 55 inch (139.7 cm) size and costs Rs. 2,25,000.
Furthermore, below are few key characteristic details on LED, LCD & Plasma:
LED TV - Primarily an LCD with LED backlighting instead of cold cathode fluorescent (CCFL) used in LCD TVs. LED backlighting is present either as True-LED backlighting (full-array of LEDs spread across the back of the screen) or Edge backlighting where LEDs are present along the edges. For comparison purpose, True-LED produces better contrast and richer colours compared to Edge backlighting which may have slightly extra brightness along the edges. Edge lighting allows the LED TV to be much slimmer and gives it a sleeker look. Advantages over LCD: -Produces a truer and brighter white and hence, better contrast and colour reproduction
-Depth and clarity of colour in a lit-up room is better than Plasma or LCD
-Lower energy consumption, about 30% less. LEDs are switched off where screen need to be darkened, saving a lot more energy.
-LEDs have longer life compared to Fluorescent Tubes in LCD
-Physically more robust
LCD TV - The technology here is Liquid Crystal Display. Backlighting is done by cold cathode fluorescent (CCFL) tubes which lights up phosphorus to produce various colours. Advantages over Plasma:
-LCDs are sleeker and lighter
-Relatively consume less power
-Protective poly-glass covering which also acts as anti-glare screen
-Widest range of sizes from 24" onwards
-Performs better in an ambiently lit room
-Better option for playing Video games and connecting to computer as LCD is less likely to suffer from burn out due to static images for long
Plasma TV - Inert gases (Neon and Xenon) filled between two layers of glass are electrified to produce Plasma. This electrification transmits the light as desired for colour reproduction. It is the same gas which makes the northern lights shine in the upper atmosphere and also the gas which makes sky light-up during lightning. Plasmas are thicker and heavier than LCDs due to two layers of glass. They are usually available in 42 inch and larger sizes. Advantages over LCD:
-Produce deeper blacks
-More natural colours, bright clear picture and high contrast however performs better in a reflection free area as glass screen may suffer room reflections in high ambient light
-Better suited for watching movies and sports as motion blur negligible due to higher refresh rate
-Dots in Plasma are smaller than the pixels in LCD hence, more smooth edged images even for non-HD inputs
-Wider viewing angles, hence, images do not suffer from degradation at high angles like in LCDs